The Astronautic theory of K. E.Tsiolkovsky
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Тип проекта: для школьников
Классы: 8 класс, 9 класс, 10 класс, 11 класс
Разделы: Английский язык
Преподаватель: Курбанова И.В. — учитель английского языка
Образовательное учреждение: ГБОУ СОШ № 503 Кировского района Санкт-Петербурга
Добавлено: пятница, 16.08.2013
Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin Eduardovich, 1857-1935, Russian inventor and rocket expert. Constantine Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was born in 1867, in the village of Izhevsk, in Ryasansky province. He lost his hearing in childhood, and, as he could not attend the usual schools, he educated himself. Hearing problems did not prevent the scientist from having a good understanding of music. There is his work "The Origin of music and its essence."
His most important work was concerned with the possibility of rocket flight into outer space. Tsiolkovsky's The Investigation of Outer Space by Means of Reaction Apparatus was presented in 1903. In this work, he discusses in mathematical terms the problems involved in overcoming the earth's gravitational pull by means of rockets. He also suggests the use of reaction vehicles for interplanetary flight. In 1929, a design for a multistage rocket was presented by him, which he called a rocket train.
During his lifetime he published approximately 90 works on space travel and related subjects. Tsiolkovsky never built a rocket; he did not even expect many of his theories to ever be realised.
Along with his followers, the German Hermann Oberth and thAmerican Robert H. Goddard, he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics. His works later inspired leading Soviet rocket engineers such as Sergey Korolyov and Valentin Glushko and contributed to the success of the Soviet space program.
Mendeleyev was interested in this work and helped Tsiolkovsky. The account of this aeronautical work was submitted to the Academy of Sciences who regarded it favourably and made Tsiolkovsky a grant of 470 roubles.
He had given an idea about space travel. A popular report on this subject was first published in 1895. Tsiolkovsky's idea of a spaceship was based on the use of liquid fuels.
Tsiolkovsky published several works dealing with the mathematical theory of rocket flights and space travel. Calculations made by Tsiolkovsky are used in the theory of cosmonautics and practical guided missile flights. They showed that it would be possible to travel out into space in rockets and even to set up manned space stations around the Earth.
Tsiolkovsky is called "Father of Cosmonautics" due to his contribution to the theory and practice of space flights.
Much attention is given in Tsiolkovsky's writings to problems of organizing interplanetary travel and its prospects. He argued that beginning with artificial earth satellites (sputniks), interplanetary stations and flights to the planets could become a way of establishing communities in outer space and adapting space for human needs. He demonstrated the possibility of using rockets for interplanetary exploration.